Characterization and spatial distribution of microplastics in two wild captured economic freshwater fish from north and west rivers of Guangdong province

Catégorie : Impacts de la Pollution
Date :17 décembre 2020
Di Sun; Wang, Jun; Xie, Shaolin; Tang, Huijuan; Zhang, Chaonan; Xu, Guohuan; Zou, Jixing; Zhou, Aiguo.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety : 207
As a new type of pollutant, microplastics are of emerging widespread concern, while amount of research done in freshwater environments and organisms is litter compared to that in marine. Following this reality, the categories of MPs in two economic freshwater fish at 25 sites from 11 cities in the north and west rivers of Guangdong province were documented. Here, 76 individuals belong Oreochromis niloticus and Cirrhinus molitorella were investigated and microplastics were found in the GITs of 43.4% and gills of 25%. The average abundances of microplastics have significant difference between Oreochromis niloticus (0.015 items/ g) and Cirrhinus molitorella (0.031 items/g), while no difference by individual (similar to 1.9 items). The plastics were dominated by white in color (61%), fragment in shape (67%), and lass than 1 mm in size (74%). The spatial distribution of microplastics revealed that there are significant differences between different cities in average abundances, and the highest average abundances of MPs were found in Zhanjiang city (4.25 items/individual) and Guangzhou city (0.044 items/g), respectively. Our results fully proved that the microplastics was widely ingested by wild fish species and suggested that the abundance and distribution of microplastics are positively related with the development of economy, tourism, industry, agriculture, and fishery.