Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous contaminants of emerging concern that have gained great attention recently due to their widespread appearance in the environment and potential adverse effects on living biota. Lijiang in Guangxi in China is a world-famous place of tourist attraction and attracted thousands of visitors every year. However, little is known regarding occurrence and distribution of MPs in freshwater and wild fishes in the Lijiang River. In this study, we used stereoscopy and micro Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (mu-FTIR) methods to investigate the abundance, morphotype, size distribution, and polymer type of MPs in freshwater collected by plankton nets and bulk sampling by pumping and filtration. Results showed that abundance of MPs in freshwater with bulk sampling by pumping (67.5 +/- 65.6 items/m(3)) was significantly higher than those using plankton nets (0.67 +/- 0.41 items/m(3) and 0.15 +/- 0.15 items/m(3) for mesh sizes of 75 mu m and 300 mu m, respectively). An average abundance of MPs detected in wild fishes was 0.6 +/- 0.6 items/individual, of which, a majority was found in the gastrointestinal tracts. Large-sized (>0.3 mm) and colored MPs in morphotypes of flakes and fibers dominated in both freshwater and wild fishes. Polypropylene-polyethylene copolymer and polyethylene were the top two abundant polymer types of MPs in freshwater, while polyethylene terephthalate dominated in wild fishes. This study provides evidences for our better understanding of pollution status of MPs in the Lijiang River.