Recycling of phosphorus-containing plastic based on the dual effects of switchable hydrophilicity solvents

Catégorie : Recyclage Chimique des Déchets Plastiques
Date :28 septembre 2020
Wang, Li; Liu, Ya; Lu, Hongsheng; Huang, Zhiyu.
Chemosphere : 259
Plastic waste has caused severe environmental problems. Some additives in plastics, like organophosphates, enter the environment with plastic waste, causing significant harm to plants and creatures. However, the primary method of recycling phosphorus-containing plastic, especially polycarbonate and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (PC/ABS), is a mechanical method, which not only does not effectively separate plastics and organophosphates but also tends to cause polymer degradation during recycling. In order to overcome these problems, we proposed an efficient and sustainable approach to recycle of phosphorus-containing plastic. In this method, N, N-dimethylcyclohexylamine (DMCHA), a switchable hydrophilicity solvent (SHS), was used to react with and extract organophosphates in plastic, achieving the goal of complete separation of plastic and organophosphates. PC/ABS can be recovered by precipitation. Dissolved organophosphates can also be easily recovered due to the switching characteristics of SHS. Both of recovered materials were of high purity and were close to virgin materials. This technique is an easy and efficient approach to separate plastic and organophosphates, which has excellent application prospects in recycling phosphorus-containing plastic.