N-Butylbenzenesulfonamide (NBBS) is a plasticizer and emerging contaminant that has been detected in a wide array of environmental samples. There are very little toxicity data available with which to evaluate potential risk from exposure to NBBS or other structurally-related sulfonamide plasticizers. To address this knowledge gap, NBBS was selected by the National Toxicology Program for evaluation. The current short-term pre- and postnatal (perinatal) study aims to provide preliminary toxicity and gestational transfer data for NBBS. NBBS was administered via dosed feed at concentrations of 0, 625, 1250, 2500, 5000, and 10,000 ppm to time-mated Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD (R)) rats from gestation day (GD) 6 through postnatal day (PND) 28. The high concentration of 10,000 ppm NBBS was overtly toxic to dams, and the group was removed on GD 17-18. Exposure to NBBS resulted in lower maternal weights during the gestational period in the 5000 and 10,000 ppm groups as compared to control weights. Dams also displayed lower weights in the lactational period, which resolved to control levels by PND 28. NBBS exposure did not affect pregnancy or littering parameters in F0 dams. However, pup survival was lower in the 5000 ppm group, and pup weights were dose-responsively lower than control pup weights with the difference expanding over the postnatal period. The lowest observed effect level (LOEL) based on significantly lower body weights was 5000 ppm NBBS for F0 dams and 2500 ppm NBBS for F1 pups. Preliminary data for NBBS levels indicated that the chemical was transferred from dams to offspring during the gestational period.