Sorption behavior of selected chlorophenols onto polyurethane foam treated with iron(III): kinetics and thermodynamic study

Catégorie : Recyclage Matière
Date :4 décembre 2020
Saigl, Z. M.
Environmental monitoring and assessment : 192 (DocId: 12)
An efficient, selective, and inexpensive method for complete elimination of chlorophenols (CPs) from water has been established. The proposed procedure was based upon the use of n-tributyl phosphate (TBP)-plasticized iron(III) physically immobilized polyurethane foam (PUF) solid sorbent for complete removal of CPs from aqueous media at pH close to 0. The interaction of the complex ion [Fe(C6H5O)(6)](3-) with protonated ether oxygen of the PUF sorbent forms ternary ion associate on/in the PUFs. The retention of 4-chlorophenol (4-C) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) by the TBP-treated iron(III)-immobilized PUF fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with a rate constant (k) of 0.04 and 0.15 g (mg min)(-1), respectively. The sorption of 4-CP was endothermic whereas the uptake of TCP was favorable at low temperature approving the exothermic and non-spontaneous characteristics of its uptake. The Delta S value for 4-CP reveals good affinity of the ion [Fe(C6H5O)(6)](3-) towards the PUF sorbent.