1st successful sea tour for MANTA’s surface waste collection systems
17 January 2023
“Every time we go out to sea, we accidentally bring kilos and kilos of waste back to shore, but this time we were particularly well armed to pick it up,” laughs Luc Ramet, captain of the trawler Charles de Foucauld.
For 3 days, the teams of MANTA INNOVATION, THE SEACLEANERS’ integrated engineering office, (gently) “requisitioned” Luc’s fishing boat in Boulogne-sur-Mer to carry out the very first full-scale tests of the surface collection systems that will equip the MANTA.
The result: a new step successfully taken in the development of the MANTA! 3 days of intense work, rich in teachings, and a great deal of emotion for our collaborators and our partners involved in the adventure (as well as the beginning of an addiction to welsh!)
Successful trials all along the line
The surface collection systems are central to the mission of collecting floating macro-waste from the future marine pollution control ambassador boat. Hundreds of hours of study and development were devoted to their conception, design, hooking systems, floating and opening systems… in order to maximize their efficiency in collecting waste.
Eve Bourdon, project manager at MANTA INNOVATION explains: “One of the most important subjects that we absolutely wanted to validate in the field is the ratio of collection efficiency to environmental impact of the systems. Our obsession is that they should efficiently collect floating macro-waste while having the lowest possible drag. The challenge is simple: to ensure that MANTA will have minimal energy consumption in order to fulfill its promise to clean up the oceans, with a minimal amount of pollution in return.”
Drag simulations had been run on DynamiT software in the preceding months. But how would the collection systems react in real collection conditions?
After 3 days of testing at sea, in different configurations, the answer was clear: the drag of the collection systems filled with marine litter was even lower than the simulations. Hooray !
« These full-scale tests allowed us to validate the specifications of the collection systems and the forces applied to the poles, i.e. the large poles that extend to port and starboard to which they are attached,” continues Eve Bourdon. “It is thanks to this work at sea, in the field, that we can now dimension the MANTA’s outriggers, validate the protocol of use and precisely define the quantities and location of peripheral equipment such as winches, cleats, lengths of traction cables, weight and positioning of weights, etc.»
+ 43% increase in the MANTA’s collecting width
Because drag is low, the MANTA INNOVATION teams were able to validate a hypothesis they have been working on for several months: significantly increasing the length of the poles to increase the MANTA’s collection width.
The factory ship will thus be equipped with outriggers of more than 20 m each, instead of the 10 m initially planned, which increases the total collecting width from 46 to 66 m (+ 43%)!
Beyond the technical aspects, it is the merits of MANTA and its mission to protect the oceans that have been experienced by the entire team:
« When we came back up with our pockets full of waste, we were very moved to see for the first time in the water and in action one of the many technological bricks of MANTA, on which we have been working for months, even years, through calculations, computer simulations and tests in reduced size. We are finally touching the concrete expression of our commitment to this adventure. » Eve concludes.
The best equipment
In addition to verifying drag estimates, the trials on the Charles de Foucauld were also an opportunity to validate the effectiveness of the solutions developed by MANTA INNOVATION to equip its collection systems, particularly two crucial elements
- the inflatable concentrating wings with their mesh skirts that capture and guide floating waste towards the nets
- and the drop-stitch pocket opening system (a technology that makes inflatable structures more rigid).
The results, again, exceeded expectations.
The team also took the opportunity to practice deploying the systems, raising and emptying a full-size net, testing the quality of the protocols, and validating the volumes needed to store the waste.
2023: the year of the launch of a pre-production prototype
The tests on the Charles de Foucauld in 2022 were carried out with pairs of 15 m and 33 m wings, allowing the simulation of the MANTA’s central pocket and the two lateral pockets. Each pocket is capable of collecting up to 10 m3 of waste (about 3 tons of wet waste).
Further tests will be carried out during the year on a pre-production prototype equipped with smaller-mesh wings with a wider spacing to maximize the sliding of waste into the pocket and further increase the collection width. The goal: ever greater efficiency in capturing and retaining waste, with minimal drag for the MANTA.
In other words, 2023 will be the year when the MANTA technologies developed by MANTA INNOVATION become a reality.
To be continued…
Tue, 20 Sep 2022 17:02:08 +0200
Special thanks to :
- The Region of Brittany for their financial support,
- The Charles de Foucauld, its Captain Luc Ramet and all the crew for their know-how, their judicious advice and their good mood,
- The Coopérative Maritime Etaploise for the numerous simulations carried out and the last minute repairs,
- Valorplast, for their contribution on the engineering of materials, the selection in the sorting centers, the delivery and the supply of the big bags of waste,
- Expert Pollution Control for their advice on floating barrier systems and the loan of a blower for inflating the wings,
- Tecnorope, the Maritime Cooperative of Lorient, for the loan of equipment and the reception
- 714 Productions and Parrot for taking pictures,
- The Ship Safety Center of Boulogne-sur-Mer for their availability and reactivity
- The Gendarmerie Maritime of Boulogne-sur-Mer.
To know about the MANTA surface collection systems
- 1 central net and 2 side nets
- Collection span of 66 m thanks to the port and starboard spinnakers of more than 20 m each
- Each net has a collection volume of approximately 10m3
- A capacity to collect waste from 20 mm
- Capture of floating macro-waste and up to 1 m below the surface
- Escape hatches for living organisms